The Spitz family comes from the Arctic region of Iceland. Their original purpose was to graze, pull sleds and guard. The Pomeranian is a Spitz, originally a larger breed, protecting the owner's property and warning intruders. The Spitz breed has several wolf-like characteristics: small ears can prevent frostbite; an insulating, dense undercoat to keep warm; and the tail is tightly curled around the back.
Over time, Spitz was taken to Europe, along the southern coast of the Baltic Sea. This area was called Pomerania and now includes parts of modern Poland and Germany, from which the breed got its name. Pommore or Pommern means "on the sea". Canine historians believe that this is the beginning of the breed's downsizing. Many 18th century paintings and prints show Poms in various sizes and colors.
Members of the British royal family who love dogs took a fancy to the Pomeranian and helped raise the breed's popularity. In 1767, Queen Charlotte brought two Poms to England, which influenced the development of the breed. Sir Thomas Gainsborough's paintings depict Phoebe and Mercury. Although this is larger than today's Pomeranian, weighing about 30 to 50 pounds, Queen Charlotte's Pomeranian still has small ears, a heavy coat, and a curly tail, which are the hallmarks of the breed. The Prince of Wales (later George IV) had a black and white Pom called Fino, which was the subject of a 1791 painting.
In 1873, the Kennel Club (England) was established, and the so-called Spitz was one of the first recognized breeds. The pompoms displayed at the time weighed about 18 pounds. In 1888, Marco, a Pomeranian from Florence, Italy, was sent to Queen Victoria, the granddaughter of Queen Charlotte. The horse weighed 12 pounds and was the beginning of a large breeding kennel built by Queen Victoria. Because she is such a popular monarch, the popularity of Pomeranians is also increasing, especially for smaller specimens. Once there were as many as 35 Poms in her kennel. Before she died, she asked her favorite Pom Turi to be with her.
The Pomeranian was first exhibited in the country in 1892. In 1900, the American Kennel Club (AKC) recognized the breed and established the American Pomeranian Club (APC). In 1911, APC held the first national professional exhibition for this species and attracted 262 Poms entries. (Did you know: Two of the three dogs that sank the Titanic were Poms, and one was tied to Mrs. Rothschild's bag on the lifeboat.
Poms and artists
Throughout history, Poms has attracted many composers and artists. Mozart dedicated an aria he completed to his pet Pom, Pimperl. Frederic Chopin (Frederic Chopin) was fascinated by his friend's Pom chasing his tail, and wrote "Waltz of the Little Dog" (Waltz of the Little Dog). While Michelangelo was painting for the Sistine Chapel, his Pom sat on the satin pillow below and oversaw the process.
No breed has as many colors and color patterns as the Pomeranian. You will find that they have a variety of solid colors (black, blue, chocolate, red, orange, cream, white); variegated (white, with uniform color blocks); black, blue or chocolate, above the eyes, cheeks and calves have tan spots; markings (streaks); and merle, a color pattern with a mottled or marbled appearance. No matter what your inner desire is, from delicate softness to bold and eye-catching multi-color, there is always a Pom to satisfy your taste.
Coat and grooming
The Pomeranian is a double-coated breed. The official breed standard states that the body "should be well covered by short, dense undercoats, with long, coarse guard hair running through it, forming a longer, richer outer coat that separates from the body. The coat should be formed around the neck. A frill forms the head and extends to the shoulders and chest.” Although it is not difficult to comb, thick coats are easily tangled, so it is recommended to comb the mat several times a week and brush your teeth thoroughly. When the undercoat falls off, it is especially important to comb it twice a year to prevent the mat from getting in.
Pomeranian is full of confidence in nature, friendly and lively. Be vigilant and always aware of changes in the environment. Excessive barking needs to be addressed early before it becomes a long-term problem. This breed likes to be the center of attention, and if they are too demanding or want to have a larger, stronger dog that they think is robbing them of the spotlight, it can sometimes cause them trouble.
Celebrity Pom People
Pomeranians are very popular with entertainers and jets. Poms are always ready for the next close-up. Actors who prefer Pomeranians include Gwen Stefani, Jessica Alba and Keanu Reeves. Socialites and TV celebrities who will never be without Poms include mother and daughter Sharon and Kelly Osbourne, and the real housewife Lisa Vanderpump of Beverly Hills.
Allan Reznik is a journalist, editor, and broadcaster who specializes in dog-related topics. He is the former editor-in-chief of Dogs in Review and the former editor of Dog Fancy magazine. He has been a city resident all his life, living on two coasts, and now he enjoys the southern countryside with his Afghan hound, Tibetan Spaniel and various rescuers.